06 June 2012

2012 MLB Draft -- Day 2 Review and Shadow Picks

So, Baltimore had an interesting second draft day, though they went about things slightly differently than did Camden Depot in our Shadow Draft. Baltimore stayed fairly balanced throughout the first ten rounds, beginning with hometown selection Branden Kline (pictured, copyright DiamondScape Baseball LLC), a Frederick native who has spent his collegiate career at UVA. The O's followed a more traditional approach to the draft by mixing-in some signability picks with some upside JuCo and high school selections. The net result, in my opinion, is a very solid collection of talent with five of the selections falling outside my evaluative comfort zone.

Our approach centered on an analysis of the draft class up top (players in consideration for selection at 1:4), the number of players we had rated as Day 1 talents but with strong enough college commitments to drop them in the draft, and an estimate as to how many "expensive" selections we might be able to afford (this, in particular, is heavily dependent on what Gausman ultimately signs for). We came out with the general idea that any top tier high school selections would have to be made early and a portion of the top 10 bonus allotment slots (rounds 1 to 10) would need to be inexpensive college seniors that would sign for around or under $100 thousand in order to free up a little more cash. The specific high schoolers available after Round 3 would determine whether we could grab one, two or three solid college picks in the mid-single digits. I'll post a piece tomorrow morning that mirrors this piece, but covers our shadow picks rather than the actual picks discussed below.

Here is a quick set of notes covering Baltimore's actual selections today rounds 2 to 10. We'll have more in-depth reports on these players, and some of those selected in rounds 11 to 40, between this week and next:

2nd Round, Branden Kline (rhp, University of Virginia)
As mentioned in our draft preview piece covering local talents, Kline made the jump from reliever to starter this year.  Prior to 2012, the righty utilized a high-effort but utilitarian wind-up, moving to a crouched set and delivery from the stretch. As is the case with many (most) UVA starters, Kline moved to a crouched approach in his wind-up this year, as well, with mixed results. Kline's low-90s fastball and power slider can miss bats, but his new crouched delivery, married with a high arm slot, regularly drives balls up and out of the zone and makes it difficult to spot his secondaries. If Baltimore is willing to break down and rebuild his mechanics, he has the raw talent to mold into a potential mid-rotation starter. Otherwise, he's likely destined for the pen, where he could top out as an 8th inning guy.

3rd Round, Adrian Marin (ss, Gulliver Prep. School, Miami, Fla.)
Marin, a University of Miami commit, likely profiles best as a second baseman or center fielder due to his straight line foot speed, average arm strength and below-average power.  Marin shows quick hands in the box but puts together inconsistent showings due to some quirks in his swing mechanics, including some dip in his eye level and a top-heavy cut that makes adjust to off-speed problematic at times. He's an excellent student with a chance to play for the hometown 'Canes, so he may require the full slot allotment to sign -- maybe a bit more.

4th Round, Christian Walker (1b, Univ. of South Carolina)
We discussed Walker in the local talents draft piece, as well, noting his slightly undersized stature for a first baseman and an offensive profile that skews hit tool over power. Walker was one of three players Jon identified in his "three outcomes" study for 2012 (if you ask him nicely, I'm sure he'd discuss it in more detail in the comments section or even a separate piece!). We know Walker understands the strikezone well and is battle tested in the SEC. What we don't know is how well his power tool will develop once he makes the switch to wood and starts squaring off against advanced pro pitching. Jon pegged the 4th Round as the target round for Walker, and while I overruled him for purposes of the Depot shadow draft, this is certainly a solid value pick for the veteran Gamecock middle-of-the-order bat.

5th Round, Colin Poche (lhp, Marcus HS (Flower Mound, Texas)
Poche was down in Jupiter last October with the MSL All-Star squad, gaining a degree of notoriety as a draft-eligible lefty that broke the 90-mph barrier. He's the type of recruit you feel good about as a college coach, lacking the "now" profile you expect to be poached by MLB clubs, but showing enough stuff to help you out in relief early on while eventually growing into a weekend starter role. Provided he signs, he could spend the remainder of the summer with the Gulf Coast rookie squad, tackling Aberdeen next year. Poche isn't likely to be a fast mover, there is solid projection in his body and stuff, and providedd a reasonable signing bonus he should be a nice addition to the lower-levels of the system.

6th Round, Lex Rutledge (lhp, Samford Univ.)
Rutledge caught my attention two summers ago as a relief arm invited to partake in the USA Baseball Collegiate National Team Trials. He was eventually cut from the squad before the final roster was set, but had the opportunity in scrimmage action to show a mid-90s fastball that bumped 97 mph and a hard low-80s 1-to-7 curve (which worked as a chase pitch but which he struggled to command). As a starter, Rutledge sees his velo drop to 88-92 mph range, and below-average control and command further complicates his future as a starter.

7th Round, Matt Price (rhp, Univ. of South Carolina)
A former power arm in the Gamecocks pen, Price has seen his velocity drop over the past two seasons, with his fastball generally a low-90s offering at this point that will still scrape 95 mph. He has thrown in many a high leverage situation for the back-to-back defending national champs, though his future at the professional level is more likely to be that of a low-leverage middle-reliever due to his current quality of stuff. His breaker is a tilty slider that can flash bite and counts as his second fringe above-average offering when paired with his fastball.

8th Round, Torsten Boss (3b/of, Michigan St. Univ.)
Boss isn't quite a "toolsy" player, though he flashes five of them throughout his game. While his 15% walk rake and .323/.443/.497 triple slash line (as of mid-May) jump out as impressive, his stats are buoyed by a heavy starter/reliever split, with Boss walking 24% of the time against relievers and triple-slashing .329/.505/.579 vs. an 8% walk rate and .319/.394/.442 triple-slash against starters. He also shows his pop almost exclusively against righties, with just 3 of his 20 extra base hits (as of mid-May) coming against southpaws. Making a name for himself with homers against St. John's Kyle Hansen and Texas A&M's Michael Wacha, Boss otherwise struggled some against elite pitching, striking out 22% of the time against arms that figured to go in the top 10 rounds, as compared to a 15% strikeout rate on the season. He is a coin-flip to stick at third, and should at minimum be able to provide a little bit of versatility between the hot corner and the outfield. 

9th Round, Brady Wagner (rhp, Grand Canyon Coll.)
Wagner, like Rutledge, is a low- to mid-90s power arm with a hard breaking ball a pension for periodic issues finding the strike zone. Also like Rutledge (and Kline), he has experience both in the pen and as a starter. Baltimore could run him out as a starter and see how far some mechanical tweaks can go in helping him to find some more consistency.

10th Round, Joel Hutter (ss, Dallas Baptist Univ.)
What is likely a cost-saving selection, Hutter is a senior middle-infielder with some outfield experience. As a pro, he likely profiles as a tweener without traditional speed for center field and what can be a fringy arm for the left side of the infield. He'll run into some balls at the plate, but profiles generally as a n org guy, offensively, with some swing-and-miss to him.

Camden Depot Shadow Draft selections (Rd 1 - 10)
As noted above, we went aggressive with high schoolers early and determined there to be room for two college juniors before switching over to easier signs (but also guys we liked).  Additionally, we tried to mix-in a local flavor, per directives of the O's front office. Jon lobbied hard for Christian Walker in the 4th, but was overruled due to my insistence on a higher upside high schooler in the first three rounds today.

Rd 1, Kevin Gausman (rhp, Lousiana St. Univ.)
Rd 2, Tanner Rahier (ss, Palm Desert HS, Palm Desert, Calif.)
Rd 3, Avery Romero (ss/3b, Menendez HS, St. Augustine, Fla.)
Rd 4, Ty Buttrey (rhp, Providence HS, Charlotte, N.C.)
Rd 5, Josh Elander (c/of, Texas Christian Univ.)
Rd 6, Lex Rutledge (lhp, Samford Univ.)
Rd 7, Jeremy Rathjen (of, Rice Univ.)
Rd 8 Zach Cooper (rhp, Central Michigan Univ.)
Rd 9, Michael Boyden (rhp, Univ. of Maryland)
Rd 10, Chris Kirsch (rhp, Lackawanna JC, Penn.)

05 June 2012

2012 MLB Draft -- Gausman stats; Day 2 Targets

The Orioles, with the fourth overall selection in this year's first-year player draft (Rule 4), drafted LSU righty Kevin Gausman (pictured right, copyright DiamondScape Baseball LLC).  Gausman was the top rated player in the draft class on our pref list and our "shadow selection" as well, for the O's.  We'll have an in depth report on Gausman later this week, but for this morning let's take a look at some stats that I'm fairly certain you have not yet read. And if you were wondering, yes, that was me on MLB Network clearly visible in the Kevin Gausman video they were running from the LSU/Arkansas game.

All stats from the regular season:
  • Against players that figure to go out in the first ten rounds of the draft, Gausman had a 25% SO-rate, 4% BB-rate and a 19/3 SO/BB-rate.
  • Gausman threw more than 120 pitches in a game just four times this year and never in back-to-back weeks.
  • Gausman logged just 11.1 innings pitched once passing the 100-pitch mark in his starts.
  • 61% of the batters faced by Gausman either struck out or hit the ball on the ground.
  • 57% of the batters faced on RPI Top 25 teams faced by Gausman either struck out or hit the ball on the ground.
  • 68% of the batters faced for the third time or more during the same game (3+ times through order) by Gausman either struck out or hit the ball on the ground.
  • Batters in the 1 through 5 slot hit .218 against Gausman.
  • Gausman allowed two homeruns over 100.2 innings pitched, neither with runners on base.
  • Gausman averaged less than four pitches per batter faced (3.7).
  • Gausman had a 26/1 SO/BB-rate facing batters between pitches 76 and 100, and a 1.88 GB/FB-rate during those same at bats.

Gausman video:
From my trip down to Baton Rouge this spring...

Some targets for Day 2:
Here are some players to look at from rounds 2 through 15, which will be covered on Day 2 of the Draft. We'll have a full wrap of Baltimore's selections, and our Shadow Draft picks, tomorrow morning. Happy Draft Day 2!

2nd to 5th rounds
Hunter Virant, lhp, Camarillo HS (Fla.)
Nolan Sanburn, rhp, Arkansas
Mitch Brown, rhp, Century HS (Minn.)
Tanner Rahier, ss, Palm Desert HS
Wyatt Mathison, c, Calallen HS (Texas)
Branden Kline, rhp, Virginia
Ty Buttrey, rhp, Providence HS
Carson Kelly, 3b/rhp, Westview HS
Duane Underwood, rhp, Pope HS (Ga.)
Kenny Diekroeger, 2b/ss, Stanford
Chase DeJong, rhp, Wilson HS (Calif.)
Austin Nola, SS, LSU
Nathan Mikolas, of, Bradford HS (Wisc.)
Christian Walker, 1b, South Carolina
Steven "Paco" Rodriguez, lhp, Florida
Austin Maddox, rhp, Florida

Mikey White, of/2b, Spain Park HS (Ala.)
Barrett Astin, rhp, Arkansas
Edwin Diaz, rhp, Naguabo HS (P.R.)
Lex Rutledge, lhp, Samford Univ.

6th to 15th rounds
Ross Stripling, rhp, Texas A&M
Kevin Ross, Niles West HS (Ill.)
Jeremy Rathjen, of, Rice
Dylan Floro, rhp, Fullerton
Hudson Randall, rhp, Florida
Bralin Jackson, of, Raytown South HS (Mo.)
Josh Conway, rhp, Coastal Carolina
Christian Jones, lhp, Oregon
Hoby Milner, rhp, Texas
Kevin Brady, rhp, Clemson
Xavier Turner, of, Sandusky HS (Ohio)
Blake Brown, of, Missouri
Eric Semmelhack, rhp, UW-Milwaukee
Ryan Ripken, 1b, Gilman Academy (Baltimore, Md.)

04 June 2012

2012 MLB Draft - 1st Round Post

We will be using this entry to serve as our focal point for discussing the draft and, in particular, the Orioles' selection.

Our top five for the draft is:
1. Kevin Gausman, rhp, Louisiana St. Univ.
2. Albert Almora, of, Mater Acad. (Hialeah Gardens, Fla.)
3. Carlos Correa, ss/3b, Puerto Rico Baseball Acad. (Gurabo, P.R.)
4. Mark Appel, rhp, Stanford Univ.
5. Byron Buxton, of, Appling County HS (Baxley, Ga.)

Let's have some fun!

Update: Follow me and Nick on twitter.

Orioles Real Draft: Kevin Gausman, RHP, LSU
Orioles Shadow: Kevin Gausman, RHP, LSU


Comparison of Draft Talent: 2008 - 2012

Each year there is often a comparison of how this year's draft class matches last year's or some other time before.  Nick Faleris has provided me with a product from his draft notes comparing the players draft day grade versus each other.  For instance, Tyler Matzek's 2009 ranking is based on what it was in June 2009, not what it is now in June 2012.  Below are listed 50 prospects.  The 2011 draft has the most with 15 players on the list while 2008 has 6.  2012 compares favorably with 2009's group.  2012 does not have the elite name like Strasburg, but it does have a pretty solid top 7.

Overall 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Stephen Strasburg


Bryce Harper


Anthony Rendon

Gerrit Cole
5 Buster Posey


Jameson Taillon


Bubba Starling

Kevin Gausman

Sonny Gray
Tyler Matzek


Dyland Bundy

Karsten Whitson


Albert Almora

Blake Swihart

Carlos Correa
16 Pedro Alvarez


Mark Appel
Donovan Tate

Zack Wheeler


Daniel Norris

Taylor Jungman

Francisco Lindor

Byron Buxton
24 Tim Beckham


Archie Bradley
26 Brian Matusz


Chris Sale


Matt Harvey


Nick Castellanos


Max Fried

Kyle Zimmer

Jed Bradley

Danny Hultzen 

Trevor Bauer

Zach Cox

36 Justin Smoak


Lucas Giolito
38 Aaron Crow

Alex White


Mike Zunino

Christian Colon


Deck McGuire


Manny Machado


Brandon Workma


Drew Pomeranz

Aaron Crow 


Marcus Stroman
Shelby Miller


Matt Barnes

Jose Fernandez

03 June 2012

Duquette wants to draft local? A list of local players for the 2012 Draft

Last fall, Dan Duquette mentioned that he had interest in building the team up with some local scouting.  The mid-Atlantic is not a hot bed of baseball prospects, but there are some interesting players from the area who are likely to be drafted.  I utilized Baseball America as a source for compiling the names and Nick has supplemented with comments below.

Jamie Jarmon, OF, Indian River HS
Raw and athletic. Two sport player who lacks baseball experience. Ticketed for back-to-back defending national champs South Carolina as a part of a strong recruiting class that includes Ryan Ripken (son of Cal).

Kevin Brady, RHP Clemson
Brady was an intriguing arm a couple years back coming out of Gaithersberg. After struggling with injuries throughout his career at Clemson, Brady may profile best as a reliever in spite of a workhorse body and three usuable pitches. His fastball plays to the mid-90s in shorter stints.

Josh Conway, RHP Coastal Carolina
Conway played HS ball at Smithsburg HS.  He will have to recover from Tommy John surgery before beginning his career.  Before the injury, he showed a mid-90s fastball and an above average slider. He is almost certainly a reliever as a pro, and a likely sign considering the timing of his injury.

New Jersey
Pat Light, RHP, Monmouth
Light was drafted late when he came out of Christian Brothers Academy.  He now figures to be a top three round pick.  Light utilizes a plus to plus-plus fastball, which he commands fairly well. Both his change-up and slider are workable pitches, though he gets a lot of value out of his slider off the merit of hitters chasing out of the zone. If he can't harness that pitch, he figures to ultimately land in the bullpen where his stuff should compare favorably with Andrew Miller.

Patrick Kivlehan, 3B, Rutgers 
After devoting four seasons to Rutgers football, Kivlehan gave baseball a shot and wound up taking the triple crown in the Big East.  He profiles as an outfielder as a pro, depsite playing third at Rutgers.  There is a chance for some above-average pop, though he has yet to be tested against advanced pitches or with wood.

Jared Price, RHP, Twin Valley HS
Price throws a high 80s-low 90s fastball and shows some handle for a curveball.  Inconsistent performance, a less-than-ideal frame, and limitations on spending this year under the new CBA will likely send Price to college (Maryland commit).

Joe DeCarlo, 3B, Garnet Valley HS
DeCarlo put on a show with the Midland Redskins down in Jupiter last fall, fixing his name prominently on the follow-lists of local area scouts.  His calling card is strength (with the arm and with the bat), but he is easily a potential above-average defender at third with good hands and excellent reactions (helping to negate his below-average footspeed.  If he's not signable in the 3rd to 6th round, he'll head to Georgia where he could develop into a top 100 prospect by 2015.

Chris Kirsch, LHP, Lackawanna JC
Kirsch is somewhat comparable to Texas prospect, and former Missouri Tiger, Nick Tepesch.  He is an intriguing prospect for scouts due to his four average pitches (fastball, curve, slider, and change) and solid frame, but area scouts come away from him questioning his desire to make the jump to pro ball. Since turning pro, Tepesch has alleviated those concerns and proven a potential steal as a double-digit pick.  Kirsch has the same potential, and could come off the board much earlier if he's willing to sign.

Christian Walker, 1B, South Carolina
Walker originally hails from Kennedy-Kenrick Catholic HS. He also is a player that was identified by my three trait criteria (contact, power, and strike zone judgement).  He is a good hitter with fringy power for a first baseman, and lacks ideal size for the position (though he handles the three-spot well).  He compares favorably to former Oriole and current Ranger Brandon Snyder (whose brother, Matt, is draft eligible this year out of Ole Miss).

Eddie Butler, RHP, Radford
Butler lacks physicality and a consistent average pitch to pair with his above-average to plus fastball. The type of player that area scouts love to push as potential starters, reality most likely places Butler in the pen where he could grow into a groundball specialist.

Branden Kline, RHP, Virgina
Kline graduated from Thomas Johnson High School in 2009 and was a 6th-round selection by the Red Sox.  After showing promise out of the pen through his first two years at UVA, as well as this past summer with Team USA, Kline made the conversion to start in 2012.  He is a power arm with a lot going for him, including the ability to spin a plus slider and a long and lean frame scouts love to see. Unfortunately, he loses a lot of the benefits of that frame due to his crouched delivery and arm slot. A team with the patience to completely break him down and build him back up could get a mid-rotation starter for their efforts. He has the mental make-up to pitch in high-leverage situations out of the pen.

Damion Carroll, RHP, King George HS
Not scouted by Nick.  Low-90s fastball, reliever projection, per Baseball America.

Chris Taylor, SS, Virgina
Taylor is unlikely to hit enough to fill a regular spot on a Major League roster, though his versatility, speed, and soft hands could help him carve out a career as a utility option.  He should go somewhere in the late single-digits as a signable up-the-middle player with good feel for the game.

Steve Bruno, SS/3B, Virgina
Bruno profiles similar offensively to current Orioles prospect and former UVA middle-infielder Greg Miclat as a gap-to-gap bat with little in the way of power but a solid ability to find the ball with the barrel.  He lacks Miclat's speed and feel on the bases, but provides some value as a glove that fits all around the infield. He should come off the board after teammate Taylor could provide solid value as an organizational player with an outside shot at some value as an up-and-down utility play.

Blake Hauser, RHP, Virginia Commonwealth
A graduate from Manchester HS, Hauser shows a low-90s fastball and low-80s slider as his two-pitch combo.  He's a potential middle-reliever at the next level and could come off the board relatively early on Day 2 (Rounds 2-15) to a team looking to save some money.

Jack Wynkoop, LHP, Cape Henry HS, Virginia Beach
While a pitcher rather than a first baseman, Wynkoop shares Ryan Ripken's profile as a lanky and projectable South Carolina commit that could grow into a top draft talent with continued maturation and improvement in body control.  Right now, Wynkoop probably isn't ready for pro ball given his below-average velocity and limited secondary repertoire. As a pro he likely would be limited to multiple seasons in instruction and rookie ball. At SC, he will get a chance to grow in one of the top programs in the country with a prominent stage in the SEC to display his progress to pro scouts.

Josh Sborz, RHP, McLean HS
Sborz put together a nice start for Canes Baseball down in Jupiter, showcasing an upper-80s fastball bumping the low-90s and solid feel for a change-up and a mid-70s curve with 11-to-5 break.  This spring he showed much of the same, lining him up for a 3rd to 5th Round valuation on talent, and likely lower valuation when signability is taken into account.  If he heads to school at UVA he could develop into an early-round arm, and should also get the opportunity to swing the bat some and potentially log time at first base.

RC Orlan, LHP, North Carolina  
A graduate from Deep Run HS, Orlan is a potential lefty specialist with a below-average fastball that plays up due to his ability to create angles.  He may need to focus on his out-of-zone command, as pro hitters will have less trouble squaring-up his fringy pure stuff pounding the zone.

West Virginia
Korey Dunbar, C, Nitro HS
Not scouted by Nick: UNC commit.

30 May 2012

2012 Draft Coverage: Weekly pref list, May 30, 2012

With the Rule 4 Draft scheduled for next week, we are coming down the home stretch and narrowing focus to a final five targets for the Orioles' first round pick (4th overall). Our last pref list was ten names long -- today we shorten to five, with one player set as a "back-up" pick, and four dropping out of consideration completely:

Final Pref List:
1. Kevin Gausman, rhp, Louisiana St. Univ.
2. Albert Almora, of, Mater Acad. (Hialeah Gardens, Fla.)
3. Carlos Correa, ss/3b, Puerto Rico Baseball Acad. (Gurabo, P.R.)
4. Mark Appel, rhp, Stanford Univ.
5. Byron Buxton, of, Appling County HS (Baxley, Ga.)

Back-up consideration:
Kyle Zimmer, rhp, Univ. of San Francisco

No longer considering:
Gavin Cecchini, ss, Barbe HS (Lake Charles, La.)
Deven Marrero, ss, Arizona St. Univ.
Lucas Giolito, rhp, Harvard-Westlake HS (Studio City, Calif.)
Mike Zunino, c, Univ. of Florida

Gausman vs. Appel:
Gausman and Appel were the two most impressive starters on the Team USA squad last summer, my top two college arms coming into the season, and finish as the top two arms in the draft class.  Both have electric stuff, both have areas to improve upon and, most importantly, both have shown some growth over the past 12 months.

Appel has seen an improvement in SO/9 between his sophomore and junior seasons in Palo Alto (a sizable jump from 7.16 to 9.44), with the ability to miss bats being the biggest question mark for the two-year Friday night ace.  While the quality of his stuff has been inconsistent throughout the spring, Appel has finished strong, flashing two plus secondaries (power slurve and change-up) and a mid-90's fastball through most of May. Additionally, Appel has held his velocity late into games and late into the season.  He has front-end stuff, with his ultimate ceiling to be determined by the ability of a developmental program to tease a little more precision and consistency out of him. 

Gausman was the best pure arm on Team USA behind Marcus Strohman (Duke Univ.), breaking the triple-digit barrier multiple times on the radar gun and showing flashes of a quality curve and slider. This spring he has focused a little more on the fastball/slider/change-up combo, reserving the curve for particular occasions requiring a change of the hitter's eye-level.  A high-ceilinged arm with mechanical inconsistencies when he arrived in Baton Rouge, Gausman has been shaped by Coach Mainieri and staff into perhaps the best Friday night starter in the country.  In my last look-in this spring, Gausman showed two future plus pitches with his slider and change-up, and a future plus-plus fastball that hit 97 mph in his last inning of work.  As one AL cross-checker stated upon Gausman's exit from the game, "You win championships with arms like that." 

Like Appel, Gausman profiles as a front-end arm, but there is a little more athleticism in the LSU righty and a little more room for growth. Gausman tends to produce a greater number of groundballs than does Appel, in no small part because of a tougher pitch plane and greater ability to create angles with his pitches. These two are highly talented arms, but both the scouting and the advanced statistical breakdowns favor Gausman as the slightly better investment.  Gausman finishes the year as the top arm in the draft and the top prospect on our preference list.

The prep position players:
Earlier this month I broke down Almora and Buxton in detail, with Almora's combination of ceiling and probability beating out Buxton's sky-high potential.  The third prep position player we would have in the mix for Baltimore is Puerto Rican infielder Carlos Correa (who ranked third overall on our most recent pref list, behind Gausman and Almora).
Correa entered the year as an easy top 15 talent for me, with much of his value built off of strong showings in October and January in the tournament and showcase format, respectively. Already a sturdy 6-foot-3, 185-pounds, Correa has a broad frame that projects to another 20-pounds or so (perhaps a bit more). Couple the body with what is currently average range and quickness in his lower-half and you get a high likelihood that Correa will find his way over to the hot corner during his journey through the minors.  His hands and arm, however, should make him an easy plus defender at third and it is absolutely possible that the arm strength and fluid actions allow him to stick at short in spite of what is likely to be fringy range.  His defensive profile could resemble that of Troy Tulowitzki when all is said in done, though he lacks the first step quickness that allows Tulo to play an above-average short at the Major League level.

Offensively, Correa has a nice blend of projected power and hit tool, which is wholly a product of his first rate bat speed and hand-eye coordination.  He has knack for loud contact and has showcased the potential for plus in-game power down the road (he already flashes that raw pop during batting practice).  Assuming the move from shortstop, the best case scenario is a top-tier defensive third baseman with a chance to post triple-slashes of .315/.380/.550 -- easily one of the highest-ceilings in the entire draft class.

While Correa comes with a little more certainty than Buxton, he isn't as tested as is Almora and the difference in defensive value between third base and center field is not insignificant. Ultimately, the decision as to how to comparatively rank Almora, Buxton and Correa comes down to how you value probability versus ceiling. For me, Almora's blend of projection and probability gives him a slight edge over the other two highly talented prepsters and lands him second on the Camden Depot pref list. The Orioles would be fortunate to introduce any of the three to their system.  It's a nice situation this year wherein little separates the top five talents in the draft, as Baltimore is guaranteed a choice between at least two of them.

A not-quite-ace in the hole:
Though the numbers indicate that Baltimore will have a guaranteed shot at one of the top five talents in the draft, it's important to have a fallback in case of the unexpected.  San Francisco's Kyle Zimmer is a small step behind the two college arms listed above and can serve as that back-up if cost enters the picture.

This could come about under two scenarios. The first is a case where the two remaining top 5 talents indicate signing bonus demands well ahead of Baltimore's valuation.  While the O's are allotted $4.2 million to spend on this pick, the profiles of the available players would generally come in to the $2.75 to 3.25 million range, which would leave some extra money for Baltimore to spread out across the rest of their picks.  If advisors push this tactic -- treating the allotments as new "recommendations" for bonus amount -- it could make sense to revert to a fallback.

Likewise, even if the top 5 talents float reasonable signing bonus requests, it could make sense to sign a the fallback option provided the drop in value on the pref list is less than value of the money saved. That is, if the aggregate of your first and second round selections is better with a slightly lower value pick in the first and a much higher value pick in the second (say $2.5 spent in the first and second as compared to $3.5 spent in the first and $1.5 spent in the second), it's a scenario worth exploring.

The only name that fits the bill this year would by Zimmer.  He has similar upside to Appel and Gausman, but lacks their refinement. He has also seen fluctuations in his velocity and the quality of his stuff from game-to-game and at times from inning to inning. He is highly athletic and has a skill set that profiles well for a good developmental group.  The same, he hasn't been tested over the course of a long season and it is unclear where his stuff will ultimately sit once he's throwing every five days over the course of a six month season.

See for yourself:
For today's draft video, here's a look at our remaining pref list, one video a piece. Later this week we will link to my full detailed reports, which will be publishing at DiamondScapeScouting.com (and will include multiple videos for most of these players):






29 May 2012

Does Roy Oswalt fit on the Orioles?

There has been considerable discussion over the past week about where Roy Oswalt will wind up. Jon Heyman wrote the following:
One executive of an interested team said he believes Oswalt will probably top the $2.5 million the late-starting Andy Pettitte is guaranteed by the Yankees but seems skeptical about whether Oswalt will meet his asking price or guarantee himself $5 million. Oswalt is now said to be more open geographically, and the substantial asking price has some surmising he plans to go to the high bidder.
Oswalt is also said to want to play for a team with a chance to win, so assuming the Dodgers don't get back in the derby, the Rangers would appear to be the safest bet to make the playoffs of the known interested teams, though the Red Sox, Phillies and Orioles all have a chance to make the playoffs.

Last year, Oswalt suffered a back injury and missed part of June and all of July.  Conventional concerns were that a back injury can be a chronic this and that he was no longer dealing as an elite pitcher.  The first concerns is a legitimate one.  Back injuries typically get worse, not better.  However, this would likely be a one year deal and Oswalt likely would not be ready to pitch in the Majors until he gets his work in the minors.  This likely puts July as the target date.  A fully healthy Oswalt should be able to log about 16 games, half a season's load.  How much is that worth?

The second concern is whether Oswalt is a different pitcher than he used to be.  Here are his numbers from last year by month:
April: 5 GS, 27 IP, 7 K/9, 2.3 BB/9, 3.32 FIP
May: 3 GS, 18 IP, 4 K/9, 1.5 BB/9, 2.97 FIP
June: 5 GS, 26.1 IP, 4.4 K/9, 2.7 BB/9, 5.04 FIP
July: Disabled List
August: 5 GS, 26.2 IP, 6.8 K/9, 1.7 BB/9, 2.58 FIP
September: 6 GS, 41 IP, 6.8 K/9, 2.2 BB/9, 3.27 FIP
There really does not appear to be much difference between his pre-injury (April) and post-injury (August and September) starts.  His performance also does not look much difference than what he accomplished from 2005 to 2009 (6.8 K/9, 2.0 BB/9, 3.50 FIP, 22.8 fWAR, 23.5 rWAR).  Towards the end of the season, his fastball was chugging around 92.8 mph which is perfectly within range of what he has done in the past five years.  Simply put, Oswalt should be viewed as he has been for the last few years with the caveat that there are some medicals out there that might be somewhat concerning.

With a line of 90 IP, 6.8 K/9, 2.2 BB/9, 3.50 FIP, that is worth in the neighborhood of 1.7 to 2.1 WAR.  This year the cost per win is about 4.5 MM in the general market.  With a 20% injury reduction application, you wind up with a value of 6.1 to 7.6 MM.  If you believe that the Orioles are indeed a playoffs squad, then you are going to see higher attendance at the end of the season which may make the cost per win closer to 5.5 MM.  In the scenario, Oswalt's value might be closer to 7.5 to 9.2 MM.  Last winter, Oswalt declined an alleged offer from the Tigers for 10-12 MM.  At the moment, it appears that teams are balking over handing him 7.5 MM.  It may well be that my estimation of his current ability is too rosy and that his medical file leaves one wanting from one with fewer entries.  I do not know.

If I was Dan Duquette, I would pull the trigger and jump if Oswalt is asking for 5 MM.  That is a rich one year deal, but it certainly gives you a solid pitcher for this season and, with a 12 MM offer, gives you a solid one for next year or a compensatory pick.  Oswalt would push Tommy Hunter to the pen or Norfolk.  This would likely result in the team gaining an extra win or two in the standings with Oswalt tossing the ball every fifth day instead of Hunter.  Who knows...maybe passing through Frederick in June, Oswalt could show Dylan Bundy a thing or two about change ups.

Remember, for 5 MM or more the Orioles have gone after Garrett Atkins, Vladimir Guerrero, the second coming of Miguel Tejada, etc.  I actually can see Oswalt as part of a plan and not just haphazard, high-cost shrugging.

27 May 2012

Adam Jones' extension and the Orioles competing in 2012 and 2013

In the wake of the Adam Jones signing, I think back to the column I wrote back in January.  In that column, I came up with the following values for his 2012-2014 seasons based on players with similar numbers:
85th: 308/369/520; 18 WAR; ~80MM
50th: 278/334/451; 11 WAR; ~50MM
15th: 248/300/382; 4.5 WAR; ~21MM
Those values were assuming market value, so really only the final season would really fall under market value.  This season Jones is making 6.15MM.  Next year he will make 10.5MM when you include his signing bonus and then 13MM for a total of almost 30MM over these next three seasons.  By signing Jones, the club has probably saved somewhere between 2-5MM in 2014.  I did not run my analysis beyond those 2015 to 2018 dates to determine the value there.  I have him worth about 50MM over 2015 to 2018 based on my own approximation with 2017 and 2018 with him in left field.

To line them up, the Orioles are paying 85.5MM over 2013 to 2018.  I have Jones' mid-range projection over that period being worth 80MM.  If Jones hits the 85th percentile from that January column, then you are looking at a worth of about 134MM.  Simply put, I think the Orioles are probably going to get even value for Jones, maybe a little more depending on how free agency money shifts with the introduction of new TV money flooding several markets.

On a side note, it is nice to see how these projections come close to what the Orioles wind up doing.  Back in 2008, I came up with Nick Markakis earning an extension of 6 years at 66.01MM.  He wound up with a 6 year deal at 66.1MM.  That one has not worked out so well.  The Orioles from 2009 to 2011 got out of Markakis' arbitration years by paying him 21.05MM while his arbitration adjusted cost came to 18.72MM.  There is a decent chance he provides at cost return, but also a good shot at a subpar performance level.

This leads me to think about the team in general, the rest of this season, and next year.  With a payroll remarkably below what the Red Sox and Yankees have, the Orioles need to either get great value when they commit to a player or have solid 0-3 year player production.  A market value team need a total WAR of about 42 wins above replacement to be competitive and to get that solely at market value would cost roughly 210MM.  With that in mind the Orioles need to find some good cheap players or find an undervalue piece in the market.

The three weakest areas of the team are left field, first base, third base, and starting pitching (who doesn't have a weakness at starting pitching).  What I mean by weakest is that these are the areas where the greatest improvement could be found. 

Left fielders have been producing offensively at a level about 15% below league average.  Much of that can be put at the feet of Endy Chavez who was supposed to compensate that with plus defense.  Instead, the Orioles have delivered with league average defense according to UZR (blah blah blah small sample size, but I think having looked out there that defense has not been a strong suit in left field no matter who has played there).  Currently, Xavier Avery is picking up with promise of being a useful left fielder, but he looks more like a 4th outfielder to me still.  He is still learning how to play and if he figures it out he could be an above average starter.  His approach at the plate looks defensive and he tends to wander around in the field.  Nolan Reimold is another player who has shown promise, but it is difficult to truly rely on him.  He flashes above average potential, but gets into severe injury ridden ruts.  He is 28 and has never had a season where he was not dealing with a nagging injury and only two seasons where he managed to play almost a full season (2008 and 2009).

The players I immediately think of as short term guys for left field who could greatly improve the team would be the following:
Free Agents at the End of This Year
Melky Cabrera, Giants - The Giants are sitting second in the NL West so it will be a while before they consider breaking down the team.  However, Cabrera is a player to keep your eye on.  He is capable of playing left and right field as well as fill in for center.  Cabrera might be a concern as he let himself get out of shape before getting serious with conditioning, but he could be a solid target and make for a good player to extend for four years or so.  He probably adds about one to two wins on top of the team's in house options.
Nick Swisher, Yankees - Swisher is not going anywhere within the season, but he may be an option once the season concludes.  He has struggled so far this year, but has been relatively consistent.  He plays an average left and right field as well as can man first base.  His ability to take a walk may make him an early target of Duquette's.
Andre Either, Dodgers - Either has had some disagreements with the Dodger front brass, but he too will certainly not be dealt as the Dodgers are enjoying great success.  He is more of a stander than a fielder, but his bat could prove to be quite useful for the Orioles in left or as a DH in 2013.
Free Agents at the End of Next Year
Jacoby Ellsbury, Red Sox - It will be difficult to see how the BoSox will let him walk.  It is also hard to see exactly how he and Adam Jones would figure out who stays in center field.  It looks unlikely that a fit could be made here if there is an opportunity to be had.
Hunter Pence, Phillies - Hunter Pence is a solid hitter with below average defense.  He will not be dealt and he is the type of player whose future is shaky if he cannot remain out in the field.  I think he will be given big money by someone...maybe the Phillies.
As it stands, it seems that the best direction for this team is to run the season out with Avery and Reimold.  In the off season, the team could look toward a player like Melky Cabrera who is versatile and has shown a solid bat over the past year and a quarter.

At first base, Chris Davis is making an interesting case for himself as a long term solution.  He is not the excellent defensive first baseman that seemed to be shoved in force during the off season.  He is an extremely streaky hitter who is enjoy his best stint since his rookie year.  He could serve the team as an average solution there.  I do not see him as a 300/335/500, but I could see him sustaining a 270/310/480 line.  That would be decent enough for him to be an everyday role player.  In a worst case scenario, you could keep most of his at bats against righties.  Davis as a long term solution is probably a good thing as the alternatives outside of the organization are limited.  I simply do not see a useful, star target available this or next year.

Andy MacPhail thought he solved the third base situation by trading David Hernandez and Kam Mikolio for Mark Reynolds.  It would be nice to have David Hernandez in the pen right now.  Reynolds work on his fielding did not pay any dividends, Wilson Betemit's fielding is what we thought it was going to be, and the random mix of players has resulted in the 5th worst defense at third if you think UZR is accurate at this point in the season.  Regardless, the defense has not been good and you really do not need a metric to tell you this.  There has been some talk of shifting Robert Andino to third and try Roberts out at second.  In the next few years with Manny Machado and Jonathan Schoop making noise...there may be less need to force the issue here.

However, there is an option or two outside of the organization:
David Wright, Mets - Wright is having a little rebirth of a year and is crushing the ball.  His defense still looks shaky and has looked shaky for three years straight now.  With the Mets in a talent acquisition mode, it is plausible that they could jettison the 17MM for 2013 Wright in exchange for prospects.  The Orioles are light on prospects, but might be able to put something together.  I would think the Mets would be interested in a combination of players like Jonathan Schoop, Nicky Delmonico, Parker Bridwell, and L.J. Hoes.  That cuts the minors deep, but if you think Wright is a solution at third for the next three to four years then you have to go for it and secure an extension for Wright.  He would probably add a couple wins for this season and be somewhere around a 3-5 WAR player for the team.  That written, I have not heard him as being on the market.
Kevin Youkilis, Red Sox - With Will Middlebrooks making noise and the Sox potentially in need of more roster flexibility, Youkilis might be a target in the off season.  His bat has looked poor this season, he is not the defender he use to be, and he has injury issues.
If you believe in this team then I think you have to check in with the Mets and see what they are asking or if Wright is even on the block.  I think the Orioles have to hold on to Machado and Dylan Bundy, but no other player should be nailed down.  With the doubt surrounding Youkilis, I'd like to see him as a free agent or someone I would not have to give anything of significance.

As for starting pitchers, any time you can knock the fifth starter out of the rotation with an ace, it will be worth a 4-5 win shift.  That would send Brian Matusz or Tommy Hunter to the pen or Norfolk.  Here are how the options run:
Free Agents at the End of This Year
Zach Grienke, Brewers - Grienke will probably be dealt if the Brewers cannot bounce back into being an elite team.  He will likely require a package similar to what I described above for Wright.  It also seems likely that there will be more interest in Grienke with teams offering higher upside prospects than the Orioles can offer, assuming Bundy and Machado are off limits.  Any deal would be accompanied with the expectation that the team will need to offer a 20+/yr extension.
Cole Hamels, Phillies - The Phillies will likely ride their squad to the end of the season, making Hamels an off season target.  There is some question as to whether the Phillies can afford another big money contract.  There will likely be a great deal of competition for his services this off season.  I could see a 5 year, 120MM deal for him.  It will be difficult for the Orioles to fit him in their payroll.
Edwin Jackson, Nationals - Jackson is a pitcher whose stuff suggests he should be better than his result, but his results really are rather solid.  The Orioles will not be able to get him mid-season, but could target him as a player that would cost 60% what Grienke or Hamels will cost while providing 75% of the performance.
Colby Lewis, Rangers - Lewis also would not be available mid-season, but also represents a player who likely will provide above average performance at a reduced rate in comparison to elite arms.
Roy Oswalt, Free Agent - Oswalt went down last year with a back injury in June as a 3.00 ERA pitcher.  He came back for the final two months as more of 4.50 ERA pitcher.  This explains the tepid response to his free agency this past off season.  There is a good chance he would be more useful than Hunter or Matusz, but no one should expect him to be an elite arm anymore.
Oswalt or bust is the likely way things will go during the season for the Orioles.  The off season may prove more interesting.

So what does it all mean?
If you think the Orioles are for real, then this season matters a great deal.  You can target guys like Melky Cabrera and one of David Wright or Zach Grienke with an eye toward extending them as part of the team's core.  If Wright is a target, then you go hard after Oswalt as well.  If you have doubt in this squad, then waiting for the off season to upgrade will be ideal, but Oswalt should still be in play if the money is there to burn.  It certainly is excellent to be able to ask this question.  My perspective is that if you can acquire Wright for pieces that are not apparently tied to our future success, then you make that move and expand payroll some more.  I also think a move this off season for Melky Cabrera would better solidify this outfield.  Finally, an off season push for a solid number two or three in Jackson or Lewis would be something that would be financially feasible and work toward the team's success.

So, what do you think?

17 May 2012

Orioles 2005 and 2012 seasons: Apple and Oranges? (Pt I)

Baseball is a difficult sport to predict.  The season is long, guys get injured, and players all of a sudden develop skills or lose them.  This can make it difficult for a long suffering follower of the Baltimore Orioles to feel comfortable with their current success.  If you believe in fWAR and project it out, you wind up with 44.3 expected fWAR for the whole team.  Add that to a replacement level expectation of 48 wins and you get a 92 win team.  If you are more of a pythagorean runs type of person, then you have an expectation of 89 wins if they keep this season rolling.  Or, perhaps, you are a Bill Parcels guy and believe your record is an accurate description of yourself . . . then you think this is a 102 win team.

So with 89, 92, and 102 wins, we have quite a bit of difference from my early season projection of 68 wins.  To be clear...there is no way I can see this team as anything much less than 75 wins.  I think the two big keys this year the rest of the way are that the peripherals look decent for many of the players and the upper minors are not completely devoid of talent.  Mind you, the upper minors do not have great talent, but it is talent that you can use in a pinch.  That really has not been the case for the Orioles for a long while.  It is good to have a guy like Chris Tillman as a 6th, 7th, or 8th option in your rotation as opposed to being your third or fourth guy.  It is also good to have someone like Brad Bergesen as DFA fodder as opposed to being in your starting rotation.  We can certainly disagree with some of these moves, but I think we have to recognize that there is a higher and broader base level of talent sitting at Norfolk buffering real star talent lower in Bowie and Delmarva.

That said, I am also a great believer in regression to the mean.  I have yet to feel comfortable with a reassessment of my season projection, so my current projections are simply the current record with a projected .420 winning percentage on the rest of the season.  That brings my projection to 77 wins.  Honestly, that is a pretty exciting season in and of itself.  Sometime Camden Depot writer Daniel Moroz tried to address where this season will be heading on his own site, Camden Crazies.  Looking at how performance has related to underlying statistics, he came up with a rough estimate that the Orioles are about 6 games over their heads at the moment.  That would lead to an expectation of something like 86, 89 or 99 final wins roughly when you prorate that.

Again, the assumption here is that there is a set talent level associated with runs or wins and that this talent level remains continuous (e.g., injuries do not drastically affect performance, strength of schedule).

This makes me wonder about 2005.  It was a season where the Orioles geared up by trading for Sammy Sosa to shore up right field and banking on further production and growth from their existing roster.  Javy Lopez had a great first season with the Orioles in 2004.  Rafael Palmeiro produced slightly below league average.  Tejada and Mora could be argued as the best SS and 3B combo in baseball.  David Newhan broke out big in 95 games as a super utility guy slashing 311/361/453.  Rodrigo Lopez was very good and the trio of Ponson, Cabrera, and Bedard flashed plus pitching from time to time.  Jorge Julio, BJ Ryan, and John Parrish also made for a formidable bullpen.  Additionally, the Orioles had John Maine and Hayden Penn mulling around in the minors, waiting for their chance.  Now, the expectations were not incredibly high, but there was a good deal of hope for this team.

How did the team look at the end of May?  In terms of pythagorean, fWAR, and win marks...the expectation could have been for final season win tally projections of 95, 106, and 98 wins, respectively.  At the end of May, the Orioles sat with an offensive fWAR of 10.7 and a pitching fWAR of 7.5.  Those would be on pace for finals of 34 and 23.8, respectively.

fWAR Pace Actual
Roberts 0.362 0.449 0.642 3.4
4 12.7 6.7
Tejada 0.313 0.361 0.588 -1.3
2.1 6.7 5.1
Mora 0.284 0.344 0.501 1.2
1.6 5.1 4.1
Lopez 0.273 0.316 0.483 -0.8
0.9 2.9 1.9
Gibbons 0.269 0.32 0.546 1.8
0.9 2.9 2.5
Matos 0.274 0.377 0.393 -1.1
0.7 2.2 1.2
Raffy 0.271 0.361 0.449 -3.6
0.1 0.3 -0.1
Sosa 0.239 0.309 0.394 -1.6
-0.2 -0.6 -1.2
Bigbie 0.235 0.27 0.311 -0.2
-0.4 -1.3 0.1

These nine players were the primary starting nine.  If you believe in the performance to date for these guys, it would seem quite natural that this 2005 team would make the playoffs.  You have Brian Roberts on pace to produce one of the greatest seasons ever.  Tejada and Mora provide two additional star quality players.  Lopez, Gibbons, and Matos contribute as solid average performers.  Bigbie is a guy you can rotate out or trade for a better piece.  Raffy and Sosa are detriments to the team whose experience and contracts prevent replacement.  Roberts' performance will easily cover them.  If the pace would have held out, with all of these guys players, and replacement players contributing 0 fWAR, this would be a 30.9 fWAR offense.  That would have put them second in the AL behind the Indians and in front of the Red Sox.

Instead, the team wound up with 20.3 fWAR from this group.  Roberts could not sustain hitting one out of every four fly balls out of the yard and suffered an injury toward the end of the season.  That cut 6 wins off the pace.  Simply looking at BABIP, Roberts (.392), Tejada (.358), and Mora (.347) ranging about .046 to .081 over their career average BABIP.  That should have looked ripe for a regression.  Everyone else was within .030 of their career rates.  The offense should have simply looked like it was subsisting on three guys who may be a little lucky.  Introduce, regression, injuries, and positive drug tests . . . the team collapses to an average offense over the course of the season and a poor one after May.  After putting up 10.7 fWAR in the first two months of the season, the Orioles accrued 9.3 over the final four months.  The meme is that what killed the Orioles that year was the pitching falling apart, but the change in fortune (i.e., lost wins) was about 60/40 on the shoulders of the offense.

In part 2, I will take a look at the 2012 Orioles offense, which will probably be rather redundant with Daniel's analysis...who knows?